meditation Misadventures of a Monk Motivational Mini Stories

Walking for Peace and Non violence in every aspect of our lives.

Myself, Dhamma Tāpasā, and my mischievous adopted dog, Marley Moo, have spent the winter months on a large farm near Sagres in Portugal. We have been content to pass the worst of the weather out of the way before we move onwards again, and now that spring is right around the corner we are almost ready to embark on our continuous journey once more.

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Dhamma Tāpasā quote

Myself, a trained Buddhist Monk, and Marley Moo (an honouree Monk) continuously travel as peace pilgrims devoted to promoting the art of diplomacy, peace and non violence throughout every aspect of our lives. Together we teach, speak and write Moral stories on mindfulness, meditation and the prisons we create within our own minds. We teach meditation and mindfulness as a way of understanding and changing our thought patterns to create inner peace and non violence within our own lives. Everything we speak, write or teach is given completely Free of charge and made available to all who seek.

We have spent the last few years living the ever popular Vanlife movement, this was a necessary move after continuous encounters with wild boar (wild pigs) in the forests and woodlands of Northern Europe while walking, Our time living the vanlife has been ideal for cultivating the seclusion and tranquility needed to deepen my meditation practice but it is almost at an end, and after spending the present winter months contently passing the bad weather away in one fixed location, the wandering lifestyle and the continued generosity we encounter along the way is once again calling.

We are starting to gather the required items together to begin again our slow paced continuous walk. We are looking to acquire a bike trailer/stroller to place our limited possessions, a decent pop up tent, as our last one has broken, a small solar panel to keep recharged our internet connection a reflective jacket for Marley and a head torch, which we believe come to total of around 250Euro. Once our required items have been collected together we shall begin our walk.

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Dhamma Tāpasā & Marley Moo

As a Monk and Peace Pilgrim i live with no monetary income and instead rely totally on the wonderful generosity, kindness and support from complete strangers along our way. This doesn’t mean we beg, or hassle people, far from it, to ask anyone for anything causes an imposition for people, especially someone who is kind natured and finds it hard to say no. Therefore we only except what is freely given. The staggering amount of good will, compassion and kindness we find on our journey never ceases to amaze me, this is the beauty and compassion of humanity in action. Some days we receive money or food (monetary donations always go towards Marley Moo’s food, I choose this life he just chose me) other days we simple fast. Some days we receive shelter to sleep, other days we will pull out the tent. Some days we teach meditation other days we will meditate on our own. Each and every day will always be filled with surprises and delights from letting go, making every encounter, a bird, the landscape, fellow walkers, a truly special and unique moment.

As we begin to start walking, myself and Marley have a loose plan and direction, at first we will be spending time walking Portugal’s inner Algarve from Sagres to Alcoutim, following the Via Algarviana long distance footpath for around 300km. After this we will start to walk back along to the coastal areas of the Algarve to meet up with my parents, and my brother & his wife from Malaysia for a family reunion and a week too ten days relaxation. Then we shall work our way slowly north zig zagging through Portugal towards Galicia and Spain.

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Marley Moo

If you would like to meet with Marley or myself, maybe for a few hours walking or a chance to meditate With us, then the above itinerary gives a rough idea which direction we shall be walking. As soon as we start walking we shall be posting far more frequently on our Instagram account and this will also guide you to our location. We hope to be walking before March 10th. It would be a pleasure to meet with any of you.

Kind regards

Dhamma Tāpasā


Loving Kindness and Enlightenment

Loving kindness and compassion

All over Asia within the Theravada Buddhist temples Loving kindness, compassion, and equanimity are practiced as foundations towards enlightenment. These foundations aren’t just practiced for the benefit of others, Loving Kindness, Compassion and Equanimity are practiced within the minds of every Monks inner speech.

Every Monk trains his inner speech to be more compassionate and loving towards themselves, forgiving their faults and imperfections. Gradually over time as we practise we become more content and compassionate towards ourselves and towards others.

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Loving kindness and enlightenment

The monks and Nuns of the Theravada Buddhist tradition chant daily the Sutta on Metta or Loving Kindness as a way towards enlightenment of their own minds. The loving Kindness Sutta is presented here for your practice and enjoyment. Maybe you can use this the next time you meditate.

First we have the English version translated from Pali, and following that is the original Pali script version, with pronunciation of the letters at the bottom. We really hope you have a go at the original Pali version. It might at first appear complicated and confusing, watch your inner dialogue as you try the Pali script and remember loving kindness towards yourself.

Loving kindness Sutta

This is what should be done, By one who is skilled in goodness, And who knows the path of peace. Let them be able and upright, Straightforward and gentle in speech.

Humble and not conceited, contented and easily satisfied, unburdened with duties and frugal in their ways. Peaceful and calm, wise and skilful, not proud and demanding in nature.

Let them not do the slightest thing, that the wise would reprove. Wishing, in gladness and in safety, may all beings be at ease.

Whatever living beings there may be, wether they are week or strong, omitting none, the great or the mighty, medium, short or small,

The seen and the unseen, those living near and far away, those born and to be born, May all beings be at ease.

Let none deceive another, or despise any being in any state. Let none through anger or ill-will, wish harm upon another.

Even as a mother protects with her life, her child, her only child, so with a boundless heart, should one cherish all living beings.

Radiating kindness over the entire world, spreading upwards to the skies, and downwards to the depths, outwards and unbounded, freed from hatred and ill-will.

Wether standing or walking, seated or lying down, free from drowsiness, one should sustain this recollection, this is said to be the sublime abiding.

By not holding to fixed views, the pure hearted one, having clarity of vision, being freed from all sense desires, is not born again into this world.

Loving kindness sutra in Pali

For those of you who would like to learn Pali or maybe attempt this accent language that has been used for over 2,500 years this is the loving kindness Sutta in Pali. Exactly the same as above.

Karanīyam attha-kusalena

Yan tam santam padam abhisamecca

Sakko ujū ca sūjū ca

Suvaco c’assa mudu anatimāni.

Santussako ca subharo ca

Appakicco ca sallahuka-vutti

Santindriyo ca nipako ca

Appagabbho kulesu ananu-giddho.

Na ca khuddam samācare kiñci

Yana viññū pare upavadeyyum

Sukhino vā khemino hontu

Sabbe sattā bhavantu sukhitattā.

Ye keci pānabhūt atthi

Tasā vā thāvarā vā anavasesā

Dighā vā ye mahantā vā

Majjhimā rassakā nukathūlā

Ditthā vā yeva additthā

Ye ca dūre vasanti avidūre

Bhūtā vā sambhavesī vā

Sabbe sattā bhavantu sukhitattā

Na paro param nikubbetha

N’ātimaññetha katthacinam kañci

Byārosanā patighasaññā

N’āñña-maññasa dukkham iccheyya

Mātā yathā niyam puttam

Āyusā ekaputtam anurakkhe

Evam pi sabbabhūtesu

Mānasam bhāvaye aparimānam

Mettam ca sabba-lokasmim

Mānasam bhāvaye aparimānam

Uddham adho ca tiriyañ ca

Asambādham averam asapattam

Tittham caram nisinno vā

Sayāno vā yāvat’assa vigatamidho

Etam satim adhittheyya

Brahmam etam vihāram idha-māhu

Ditthiñ ca anupagamma sīlavā

Dassanena sampanno

Kāmesu vineyya gedham

Na hi jātu gabbhaseyyam punar-eti’ti.

Pronunciation of Pali

To help with the pronunciation of the Pali text I’ve included this helpful most efficient way I found to learn the proper sounds for each of the funny letters.

‘a’ sounds like ‘u’ as in but

‘ā’ sounds like ‘r’ as in art

‘i’ sounds like ‘i’ as in pin

‘ī’ sounds like ‘ee’ as in seed

‘u’ sounds like ‘u’ as in put

‘ū’ sounds like ‘oo’ as in rule

‘j’ sounds like ‘j’ as in judge

‘y’ sounds like ‘y’ as in yard

‘m’ sounds like ‘ng’ as in sing

‘ñ’ sounds like ‘gn’ as in mignon

‘c’ sounds like ‘ch’ as in rich

Kind regards

Dhamma Tāpasā


Free Meditation Gift

Meditate with a Monk

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Mediate with Dhamma Tapasa

Simple fill out the form below clicking the ‘Meditate With a Monk‘ box.

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Everyone’s Mind Matters meditation

About 4enlightenment

What is 4enlightenment is a website set up for everyone interested in spiritual awakening, mindfulness, meditation, compassion, loving kindness and the development and understanding of our human consciousness.

We really hope that we inspire and motivate you to contribute with your own personal words of wisdom, maybe lessons learnt, mishaps that may of happened or just a simple hello. Our aim is that each of us may learn together, encouraging us all to succeed on our own personal journeys into spiritual enlightenment, wether that’s inner contentment or simple to feel happier about life.

We aim to create a safe place where we become a family to share our wisdom helping one another along the way. We really want compassionate, caring, like minded people, just like yourself, to join our family.

So come and join a like minded family of friends

Our website:

Motivational and Inspirational Short Stories

Every week we bring to you an inspirational Short story that has motivated or inspired us in some way during our week. Most of our stories are original but some are famous fables or old classics and where the author is known a credit is always given.

We are always searching for more stories and we welcome anything you have written, we will always give credit where credit is due. Please see our writers submissions page.


Our Meditation Pages are filled with inspirational advice, tips and tricks and words of wisdom on all matters to do with mindfulness and meditation. If your a complete beginner then everything is covered from correct posture and techniques to more advanced vipassana meditation.

Meditation is very simple to explain but it seems that this simplicity can cause a lot of confusion. Our meditation guides are the 100 percent guaranteed correct way to meditate, each meditation has been passed to me from a linage that spans 2,500 years. I was taught, as a Buddhist monk, for years the correct posture and breathing techniques to succeed and finally after many many years and thousands of hours meditating I finally and deeply understand our human consciousness. Please don’t get me wrong I am not claiming enlightenment or sainthood, far from it, yet from meditation I have gained an incredible lasting peace and tranquility within my own mind, worries now don’t drain my energy anymore, I feel happier and more alive than ever before and I understand our human experience.

All I now want to do is freely pass this knowledge through experience onto others and would be thrilled if you joined me.

Mind Matters

Everyone’s Mind Matters and hear you will find everything to do with all our overwhelming number of emotions such as Anger, Stress, Anxiety, Optimistic vs Pessimistic, positivity and depression. These Personal stories from individuals just like yourselves who have suffered and then overcome emotional turmoil. We also include the fundamental coping mechanisms and proven techniques to help elevate anger, stress anxiety and depressions.

Inspirational quotes

Every week we lovingly create original inspirational picture quotes and include a small biography of the author. Previous weeks have included such wonderful people as Thich Nhat Hanh, Nelson Mandela, Mahatma Gandhi, Ajahn Brahm and the Dalai Lama as examples.

Dhamma Tapasa

Dhamma Tapasa is the spiritual name given to the author of 4enlightenment while ordained as a Buddhist monk in North Thailand. This section is a little introduction into my personal journey towards spiritual awakening

Misadventures of a Monk

Dhamma Tapasa hasn’t always been a monk and even still as a monk he finds himself getting into mischief and mishaps. Hear will slowly fill these pages with stories that definitely contain mishaps & mayhem, disaster & triumph from past adventures travelling around the world, as the search for enlightenment continues.

This section also includes regular updates on Dhamma Tapasa’s whereabout and where his latest wanderings have taken him. And of course updates on Marley Moo, Dhamma Tapasa’s faithful rescued stray dog, always by his side.

Free Gift

We would like to offer you a free gift “Meditate With A Monk” there is no strings attached we just require an email address so we can send you a link. We don’t have email responders which means each email we send is a personally written message to you, not a robot.

Gift Shop

Our Gift Shop is filled with delightfully handcrafted meditation & mindfulness gifts by Monk Dhamma Tapasa. Each gift is uniquely and individually handmade and then showcased in their very own presentation or gift box. Each One-of-a-kind items are made as a limited number, making these quality products truly exclusive Gifts.

Writers Submissions

If you feel you have a inspirational story you would like to share, or your a budding journalist wanting find an avenue for your creativity, or even a website looking for extra visitors, then this section will explain our guidelines for your submissions, all very simple and straight forward and easy to apply. We really want you to join our family and eagerly look forward to discovering what you have on you mind.

Contact Us

If there is anything you feel we need to include, have an idea you want to share, or simply want to say hello then this is the place to come and send us as message. We really do want you to feel part of a family and really look forward to hearing from you. We respond to each email personal, not a robot.

We hope you can join us on social media

We have a YouTube channel where videos are produced of inspirational quotes as well as spirituality, love, compassion and life.

Our Instagram account is filled with inspirational quotes with original photos added. Each photo is a sneak peak into the places sought out for meditation.

We also have a Facebook page that I try to fill with inspirational advice, meditation techniques, words of wisdom from meditation masters and inspirational stories.

I personal hope you can join our small but growing family, all striving for more compassion, mindfulness and loving kindness in our daily lives.

Kind regards

Dhamma Tapasa

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Dhamma Tapasa & Marley Moo

The Real Facts Of Life and Impermanence

There are three facts in life, Impermanence (anicca), suffering (dukkha) and Non self (anatta) Today we will contemplate Impermanence

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Our existence and reality thereof can be only understood if these three facts of existence are truly comprehend not just from a logical stand point, but must be personally experienced, this is why we meditate, to see or witness this as a personal experience.

While meditating we contemplate these three truths of existence, from every action or conscious thought we contemplate these three truths. With great diligence, being careful and mindful we will start to experience this very truth for ourselves. With the realisation of these three truth, comes enlightenment, and only by diligent observation of these three truths within our own lives, realisation is possible.

Within every breath there is Impermanence, suffering and non self. anicca, dukkha and anatta. Within everyone of us, these three facts of existence reside.

Impermanence (anicca)

The Buddha spoke these words on impermanence.

“The perceiving of impermanence, bhikkhus, developed and frequently practiced, removes all sensual passion, removes all passion for material existence, removes all passion for becoming, removes all ignorance, removes and abolishes all conceit of “I am.”

It is easy for us to see impermanence in action and within every aspect of our lives. We can see impermanence in objects both material and mental as well as inanimate or animate, organic or inorganic. From great mountains and oceans, to thoughts and feelings all is impermanence.

Impermanence within ourselves

Impermanence is in ones self, our posture is always moving forever changing position from sitting, standing, walking or lying down or aches and pain sets in. Our state of health is always impermanent never stationary, we are subject to seasonal colds and flu, runny noses sore throats, cuts and bruises as well as infection, disease and hunger.

The growth and therefore decay of our bodies is impermanence, our hair constantly needs cutting or styling, our nails are the same. Our bodies need to be kept clean from sweat, dirt, grease and grime that are a constant reminder of impermanence. And of course the nutrients we consume for our bodies are constantly in a state of change. Each breath we take turns from oxygen to carbon dioxide, the food we eat to sustain ourselves, goes in one end and out the other within 24hrs.

Impermanence all around us

There is impermanence all around us, with flowers that bloom, wilt and die, fruits that ripen and decay, trees are constantly changing shedding bark and each season a colourful display as dead or dying leaves. The hills and mountains are either growing or shrinking, rivers flow, always moving separate particles of water to make the stream or river. They may dry up or flood, become narrower or wider, deeper or shallower, their direction ever changing and impermanence.

Even the objects us humans make such as houses, bridges, communication networks, roads, governments, or revolutions are all in a state of continually changing. Houses fall into disrepair and crumble, roads were once simple animal tracks that have increased in size and now covered in tarmac to accommodate an ever moving transport industry. Governments come and go just as dictatorships. Our technology seems sometimes to be moving at such a pace that it can seem like the moment you have mastered one thing it changes into something new.

Our own mind

And even our own consciousness is forever changing, if you are reading this as someone middle aged or from an older generation then you can look back at times through your life and feel it was a completely different person back then. Our thoughts change like the seasons, following styles, fashions and trends, we can experience anger, delight, hatred, love, frustration and contentment sometimes within only a few short moments. Anyone who has sat an exam can tell you the emotions that run through your mind, all seemly changing from one to the next then back again. Thoughts of happiness one moment can be replaced by negative in the next. What we perceive to be good one day may not be the next, what we see as wonderful can turn boring, what we hear as stunning can turn repetitive. Each and every moment our minds our changing, never the same as the last moment, always moving.

Logic vs Experience

This is all logical and we can easily see the impermanence within everything around us when we spend a little time analysing, so why then, with this logical understanding does enlightenment not occur?

Everyone of us knows that our body is subject to die, however most of us run around believing that the health and vigour we experience as youths will stay with us forever, punishing our bodies with drugs and alcohol, or doing adrenaline sports that push our bodies to their limits. We see people smoking cigarettes, knowing the harm they are doing to themselves and others but continuously smoke. We can see the pain of loosing someone close to us, even though logically we knew they were subject to death. So Logic or knowledge isn’t enough on its own to set us free.

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We need to truly and deeply experience these truths for ourselves and within our own lives. With meditation we practice diligently and mindful we watch our breath, as a bodybuilder strengthening their muscles so we train our mind muscle, slowly we develop a strong one pointed concentration which we can now use to penetrate these deepest truths by witnessing this very impermanence in action.

When we experience impermanence within our own bodies we start to see the second truth or fact of life, dhukka or suffering. Because everything is impermanence, always changing we see that our clinging and attachment to ideas, thoughts, objects either inanimate or animate, will always end in suffering, the very idea of trying to hold onto to something that is always moving forever changing, is as ridiculous as trying to jump from the bus stop into a seat of a moving bus, blindfolded.

Once we have experienced impermanence first hand within our own bodies, what is there in the body to call Me, Mine or I? Because it is always changing forever moving. As we experience first hand impermanence within our own mind or consciousness, what is there in the mind or consciousness that is Me, Mine or I? Because it is always changing forever moving what can we grasp as being the Me Mine or I? This is realisation of the third fact of life, Non Self, egoless, No Me, Mine or I

Realisation of this third fact of existence (anatta) that there is No Me, Mine or I, liberates us from suffering, a calm and peace fill every moment as we no longer find attachment to something that is forever changing, we no longer cling or crave, we have let go, abandoned that which caused us to suffer.

Our job as meditators is to see first hand, to experience with real clarity that which is impermanent, forever moving, always changing directly within our own bodies and our consciousness. With great determination and practice of Samadhi Meditation our minds become firm in one pointed concentration and the exploration within our own minds and bodies can begin.

Gradually over time our concentration on our breath becomes very solid, our minds our happy to watch, breathing in, breathing out. Once we have established ourselves thus, it is time for Vipassana Meditation and the art of investigation of mind phenomenon, each and every stage of meditation practice will take us a step along our journey, ever closer to freeing ourselves from suffering and liberating our minds.

Wishing you every success in your meditation journey, and if you need further Help it would be my honour to aid you in any way I can, use the Contact Us page to get in touch.

Kind regards

Dhamma Tapasa

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Dhamma Tapasa
Dhamma Tapasa is Thudong Monk, currently wandering in Europe, If you would like to support him and Marley Moo on their quest for enlightenment please click the KO-FI image below. Or alternatively click the PayPal link below that.

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Many, Many kind thanks for your support and donations, if it wasn’t for wonderful people like yourselves this website would have to rely on advertising to keep it funded.


Vipassana Simplified

Material & Mental

Before we can learn Vipassana Meditation we first need to understand that of Material and Mental phenomena as the two sole elements existing in a living being, and to experience them as their true nature.

Material can’t know or understand the object

Mental understands or knows the object

To further explain

When we see an object, let’s say a tree, our usual understanding is that the eye sees the tree, but in actual fact both the tree and the eye are the Material form and can never know or understand itself. The mind or consciousness is the knower of the object and therefore is the mental form. So when we See there is actually two material and one mental phenomenon existing.

As material and mental phenomenon occur through our six sense doors it is our jobs as monks or meditators to clearly distinguish or identify that which is mental and that which is material.


On hearing there is a sound (material)

The ear that hears the sound (material)

And the consciousness that knows the sound (mental)

The meditator should note hearing, hearing, hearing

The first should be realised as sound hearing (material) (the noise)

The second should be realised as hearing sound (material) (the ear)

The third should be noted as knowing the sound (mental) (the consciousness)


To practice Vipassana Meditation correctly the practitioner should be constantly watching, observing, that which enters through the six sense doors (hearing, seeing, tasting, smelling, touch, and consciousness) and identify the characteristics of Mental and Material within them, realisation will come as each is impermanent, forever changing, and from this ever changing conditions, suffering is realised and the true identity of Non Self or the egoless.

Only by practicing Vipassana meditation in this way and with a strong level of Samadhi Meditation, the real facts of life (impermanence, suffering and Non self) become a realisation.

Kind regards

Dhamma Tapasa